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An Exercise on Passive Verbs
Based on "William Tell,"
from - Golden Deeds: Stories from History Retold for Little Folk
Analysis Key

1. [Adv. to "wished" When the Emperor Albert [#1] ruled {over Germany}], he 

wished to govern the people [#2] {of Switzerland} {in such a way} [Adv. to 

"such" that their independent spirit would be broken (P) ]. |

2. A certain brave Swiss, named William Tell [#3] , having refused to obey such

an absurd order [#4] , was {at once} arrested (P) and taken (P) {before Gessler}. |

3. Gessler, [Adj. to "Gessler" who was enraged (P) {at Tellís success}], noticed 

[DO that he carried another arrow (DO) {under his cloak}. |

1. Some grammarians would explain "Albert" as an appositive to "Emperor."
2. "People" is the direct object of the infinitive "to govern." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "wished."
3.  "William Tell" is a retained predicate noun after the passive gerundive "named." The gerundive modifies "Swiss." The predicate noun is retained from the active voice "They named him *to be* William Tell."
4. "Order" is the direct object of the infinitive "to obey," which is the direct object of the gerundive "having refused." The gerundive phrase modifies "Swiss."