1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (Subj. PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
1. "And I tell you that he who is born a Mingo will die a Mingo,"
returned the other.
2. The repast, which was greatly aided by the addition of a few delicacies
that Heyward had the precaution to bring with him when they left
their horses, was exceedingly refreshing to the wearied party.
3. The singers were dwelling on one of those low, dying chords, which
the ear devours with such greedy rapture, as if conscious that it is
about to lose them, when a cry, that seemed neither human nor
earthly, rose in the outward air, penetrating not only the recesses of
the cavern, but to the inmost hearts of all who heard it.
4. "And the current!" demanded the Indian, who expected his reply with
that sort of interest that a man feels in the confirmation of testimony,
at which he marvels even while he respects it.