The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Embedded Subordinate Clauses
The Last of the Mohicans, by James Fenimore Cooper
Analysis Key

1. "And I tell you (IO) [DO that he [Adj. to "he" who is born (P)

     Mingo (RPN) [#1] ] will die a Mingo [#2] ]," [ [#3] returned the other]. |

2. The repast, [Adj. to "repast" which was greatly aided (P) {by the addition}

     {of a few delicacies} [Adj. to "delicacies" that Heyward had the precaution

     (DO) to bring [#4] {with him} [Adv. to "to bring" when they left

     their horses (DO) ]]], was exceedingly refreshing (PA) [#5] {to the

     wearied party}. |

3. The singers were dwelling {on one} {of those low, dying chords}, [Adj. 

     to "chords" which (DO of "devours") the ear devours {with such greedy

     rapture}, [Adv. to "greedy" as if *it is* conscious (PA) [Adv. to

     "conscious" that it is about to lose them [#6] ]]], [Adv. to "were dwelling" 

     when a cry, [Adj. to "cry" that seemed neither human (PA) nor 

     earthly (PA)], rose {in the outward air}, penetrating not only the 

     recesses [#7] {of the cavern}, but {to the inmost hearts} {of all} [Adj. to "all" 

     who heard it (DO).]] |

4. "And the current!" (DO) demanded the Indian, [Adj. to "Indian" 

     who expected his reply (DO) {with that sort} {of interest} [Adj. to "sort" 

     that a man feels {in the confirmation} {of testimony}, [#8] [Adj. to 

      "testimony" {at which} he marvels even [Adv. to "marvels" while he 

     respects it (DO) ]]]]. |

1. This first "Mingo" is a retained predicate noun after the passive "was born." The active voice version would be "*His mother* bore him *to be* a  Mingo." In this version, "him" is the subject and "Mingo" is a predicate noun to the ellipsed infinitive "to be," and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "bore." See KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.
2. This "Mingo" can be explained as a Noun Used as an Adverb, but because of the emphasis on identity in the sentence, I personally prefer to see it as a Predicate Noun in a palimpsest pattern in which "die" is written over "be." (Predicate Nouns imply an identity with the subjects.) See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns.
3. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
4. The verbal (infinitive) "to bring" functions as an adjective to "precaution."
5. I consider "refreshing" to be a verbal (gerundive) that functions as a predicate adjective rather than being part of the finite verb phrase. As a gerundive, it describes the "repast." As a finite verb, it tells what the repast is doing. In part, I base my preference on the following "to." If "refreshing" is part of the finite verb phrase, then it would probably read "refreshing the wearied party."
6. "Them" is the direct object of the infinitive "to lose." Perhaps the easiest way to explain this connection is to consider "about" here as an adverb meaning "soon." The infinitive phrase can then be viewed either as a predicate adjective to "it is" or as part of an ellipsed finite verb--"it is *going* to lose them." (Note that this is a tortured explanation for something ("about to") that we all probably master as an idiomatic expression.)
7. "Recesses" is the direct object of the gerundive "penetrating." The gerundive phrase modifies "cry."
8. Note that this comma sets off the restrictive adjectival clause that follows it. In other words, it violates the punctuation rules given in many textbooks.