The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks To Charles Dickens Page
(Code and Color Key)

Compound Finite Verbs
From Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities
Analysis Key

1. He put her hand (DO) {to his lips}, and moved {towards the door}. |

2. He sank {into the chair}, and brooded {over the embers}, and shed tears (DO). |

3. She laid down her knitting (DO), and began to pin her rose [#1] {in her

      head-dress}. |

4. {Under cover} {of the darkness} he followed {out of the room}, followed

     {down the stairs}, followed {down the court}, followed {out into the streets}. |

Students are often told not to repeat words, but note how the repetition of "followed" emphasizes it.
5. He turned {towards him} {in his chair}, but did not look {at him}, or raise

     his eyes (DO). |

6. The wayfarer smoked his pipe (DO) out, put it (DO) {in his breast}

     slipped off his great wooden shoes (DO), and lay down {on his back}

     {on the heap} {of stones}. |

7. They stopped all comers (DO) and goers (DO), cross-questioned 

     them (DO), inspected their papers (DO), looked {for their names}

     {in lists} {of their own}, turned them (DO) back, or sent them (DO) on,

     or stopped them (DO) and laid them (DO) {in hold}. |

8. Defarge himself [#2] issued orders (DO), issued arms (DO), thrust 

     this man (DO) back, dragged this man (DO) forward, disarmed one (DO)

     to arm another [#3], laboured and strove {in the thickest} {of the uproar}. |

9. They advanced, retreated, struck {at one another's hands}, clutched

     {at one another's heads}, spun round alone, caught one [#4] another (DO)

     and spun round {in pairs}, [Adv. (to all the preceding verbs) until many

     {of them} dropped]. |

10. The old man kissed her (DO), and hurried her (DO) {into his room}

     and turned the key (DO); then, came hurrying [#5] back {to the Doctor}

     and opened the window (DO) and partly opened the blind (DO), and

     put his hand (DO) {upon the Doctor's arm}, and looked out {with him}

     {into the courtyard}. |

1. "Rose" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to pin," and the infinitive phrase is the direct object of "began."
2. "Himself" functions as an appositive to "Defarge." See KISS Level 5.4 - Appositives.
3. "Another" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to arm." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb of purpose to "disarmed." At this point in their work, expect some students to underline this as a verb. In KISS Level 2.1.6 - Distinguishing Finite Verbs from Verbals, they will learn how to make the distinction between finite verbs and verbals.
4. "One another" is an interesting little idiomatic expression. In effect, the "one" functions here as an appositive to "They," reducing the subject of "caught" from plural to singular.
5. "Came hurrying" can be considered a verb phrase in a palimpsest pattern with "came" written over "was." See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns. Or "came" can be explained as the verb and "hurrying" can be seen as a verbal (gerund) that functions as a noun used as an adverb describing how he came. See "Nouns Used as Adverbs" in the section on gerunds in KISS Level 4.