The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Direct Address
from Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities
Analysis Key

1. "Miss Manette [DirA], I am a man (PN) {of business}." |

2. "Monseigneur [DirA], I looked {at the man}." |

3. "I have come back, sir [DirA], [Adv. (comparison) to "have come" as 

     you anticipate]." |

4.  "My child [DirA], you did see him (DO)." |

5. "What [#1] {o'clock} do you make it (DO), Joe [DirA]?" |

6. "How I admire the gallantry (DO) {of your youthful spirit}, Mr. Lorry [DirA]." |

7. "How goes it, Jacques [DirA]?" |

8. "I will always remember it (DO), dear Heart [DirA]!" |

9. "Shall you bring any fish (DO) home [NuA], father [DirA]?" |

10. "You were very sound (PA), Sydney [DirA], {in the matter} {of those crown 

      witnesses} to-day." |

1. At this KISS Level, I would expect most students to identify "it" as the direct object and to ignore "What." When they get to infinitives (KISS Level 4), they will probably agree that this "What" is a predicate noun in an ellipsed infinitive construction -- "You do make it *to be* what o'clock." The "it" is the subject and "What" is a predicate noun to the ellipsed infinitive "to be." When the sentence is changed into a question, the "What" moves to the front.