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(Code and Color Key)

Interjections, Direct Address, & Nouns Used as Adverbs
from Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities
Analysis Key

1. "Are you quite a stranger (PN) {to me}, sir [DirA] ?" |

2. "The relapse, my dear friend [DirA], was not quite unforeseen (PA) 

     {by its subject}." |

3. The mender {of roads} went home [NuA] . |

4. "Oh [Inj] dear [Inj] yes! [Inj] Yes. [Inj] Oh [Inj] yes [Inj], you're 

     eligible (PA)!" [ [#1] said Mr. Lorry]. |

5. "But my dear [DirA]! You are faint (PA) {of heart} to-night [NuA]

     my dear [DirA]!" |

6. Her little daughter was six years [NuA] old (PA). |

7. I should have known [DO what you meant], this time [NuA]. |

8. "O [Inj], sir [DirA], {at another time} you shall know my name (DO)." |

9. " *You* Have the goodness (DO) to give me a little glass [#2] {of old

      cognac}, and a mouthful [#2] {of cool fresh water}, madame [DirA]." |

10. Many a [#3] night [NuA] and many a day [NuA] had its inmates listened 

     {to the echoes} {in the corner} [#4]. |

1. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
2. "Me" is the indirect object and "glass" and "mouthful" are the direct objects of the verbal (infinitive) "to give." The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective that describes "goodness."
3. "Many a" is idiomatic, but for those people who want to get technical, "many" can also be a noun or pronoun. Thus an alternative explanation is to consider "Many" a Noun Used as an adverb to modify "a."
4. "In the corner" could be seen as an adverb to "had listened," but that explanation suggests that the inmates were in the corner.