1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (Subj. PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
1. His cry was so like a cry of actual pain, that it rang in Charles Darnay's
ears long after he had ceased.
2. The house belonged to a great nobleman who had lived in it until he
made a flight from the troubles, in his own cook's dress, and got
across the borders.
3. And now, while he was composed, and hoped that he could meet the
end with quiet heroism, a new action began in his waking thoughts,
which was very difficult to master.
4. They looked at one another, as he used his blue cap to wipe his face,
on which the perspiration had started afresh while he recalled the
5. Anybody who had seen him projecting himself into Soho while he
was yet on Saint Dunstan's side of Temple Bar, bursting in his
full-blown way along the pavement, to the jostlement of all weaker
people, might have seen how safe and strong he was.