The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks To Charles Dickens Page
(Code and Color Key)

Embedded Subordinate Clauses
From Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities
Analysis Key

1. His cry was so {like a cry} {of actual pain}, [Adv. (comparison) to "so"

     that it rang {in Charles Darnay's ears} long [Adv. (time) to "long" after

     he had ceased]]. |

2. The house belonged {to a great nobleman} [Adj. to "gentleman" who had 

     lived {in it} [Adv. (time) to "lived" until he made a flight (DO) {from the

      troubles}, {in his own cook's dress}, and got {across the borders}]]. |

3. And now, [Adv. (time) to "began" while he was composed (P), and hoped 

     [DO that he could meet the end (DO) {with quiet heroism}]], a new 

     action began {in his waking thoughts}, [#1] [Adj. to "action" which was 

     very difficult (PA) to master [#2]. |

4. They looked {at one another}, [Adv. (time) to "looked" as he used his blue 

     cap (DO) to wipe his face [#3], [Adj. to "face" {on which} the perspiration 

     had started afresh [Adv. (time) to "had started" while he recalled the

     spectacle (DO) ]]]. |

5. Anybody [Adj. to "Anybody" who had seen him projecting himself [#4]

     {into Soho} [Adv. (time) to "had seen" and/or " projecting" while he was yet 

     {on Saint Dunstan's side} {of Temple Bar}, bursting [#5] {in his full-blown way}

      {along the pavement}, {to the jostlement} {of all weaker people}]], might have

     seen [DO how safe (PA) and strong (PA) he was]. |

1. Note how this comma separates the "which" from "thoughts," thereby sending the reader back into the sentence and "action" as the antecedent of "which."
2. The verbal (infinitive) "to master" functions as an adverb to "difficult" and explains in what way it was difficult.
3. "Face" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to wipe." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb of purpose to "used."
4. "Himself" is the direct object of the verbal {gerundive} "projecting." "Projecting" can be explained as an adjective to "him," and "him: as the direct object of "had seen." However, in KISS Level 5.8, most people will probably prefer to see "him projecting himself" as a noun absolute construction that functions as the direct object of "had seen." 
5. The gerundive "bursting" modifies ""he."