The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks To Charles Dickens Page
(Code and Color Key)
Rewriting Passive Verbs as Active & Active as Passive
Charles Dickens' A Tale of Two Cities

A. Passive to Active

1. Not a word was spoken (P). |

Active: No one spoke a word.
2. A resolute-looking man {in authority} was summoned (P) out {by the guard}. |
Active: The guard summoned a resolute-looking man in authority.
3. No prayers were said (P). |
Active: They said no prayers.
4. Her arms were bound (P) {to her sides} {with sashes and handkerchiefs}. |
Active: Sashes and handkerchiefs bound her arms to her sides.
5. [Adv. (time) to "was drawn" and "were pinioned" When I was clear (PA) [#1] 

     {of the house}], a black muffler was drawn (P) tightly {over my mouth}

     {from behind}, | and my arms were pinioned (P). |

Active: When I was clear of the house, someone drew a black muffler tightly over my mouth from behind, and pinioned my arms.
B. Active to Passive

1. A mixed guard {of soldiers and patriots} held the gate (DO). |

Passive: The gate was held by a mixed guard of soldiers and patriots.
2. Fears {for the brother}, [Adj. to "brother" who so little deserved her 

     affection (DO)], too much occupied her (DO) {at the time}. |

Passive: She was too much occupied then with fears for the brother
who so little deserved her affection.
3. I think [DO Heaven sent you (DO) {to me}]. |
Passive: I think you were sent to me by Heaven.
4. [Adv. (concession) to "overpowered" Although they sat {with doors and

      windows open} [#2] ], the heat overpowered them (DO). |

Passive: Although they sat with doors and windows open, they were overpowered by the heat.
5. The public prosecutor accused Charles Evremonde (DO), called 

     Darnay [#3], {as an emigrant}, [Adj. to "emigrant" whose life was forfeit 

     (PA) {to the Republic}, {under the decree} [Adj. to "decree" which 

     banished all emigrants (DO) {on pain} {of Death}]]. |

Passive: Charles Evremonde, called Darnay, was accused by the public
prosecutor as an emigrant, whose life was forfeit to the Republic,
under the decree which banished all emigrants on pain of Death.

1. Grammarians will probably disagree about the function of "clear." Some may see it as an adverb, and I would accept that. It's not a question worth debating.
2. In KISS Level 5.8, students will learn that "doors and windows open" can be explained as a noun absolute with an ellipsed "being"--"doors and windows *being*  open." The noun absolute functions as the object of the preposition "with."
3. "Darnay" is a retained predicate adjective after the passive gerundive "called." The gerundive modifies "Charles Evremonde." See KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.