An Exercise on Conjunctive Adverbs The Shepherds
of Arcadia
by
Nicolas Poussin

   One way of looking at the logical relationships established by conjunctive adverbs is to use David Hume’s concepts of identity, extension (in space and time), and cause/effect. The following table lists some simple examples. 
 
Identity
(Similarity)
also, for example, for instance, furthermore, indeed, in addition, in essence, in fact, in other words, in the first place, likewise, moreover, similarly
Identity
(Difference)
however, more importantly, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, otherwise, significantly
Extension in 
Time and Space
afterward, finally, first, later, meanwhile, next, subsequently, then
Cause/Effect accordingly, as a result, besides, consequently, hence, nevertheless, nonetheless, therefore, thus, unfortunately

Note that, unlike conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs do not have to be placed directly between the two clauses: 

Sarah fell while she was skating. As a result, she missed a week of classes. 
Sarah fell while she was skating. She missed a week of classes as a result.
In addition, note that conjunctive adverbs are often used in compound sentences: 
Bill went to the store; Jane, however, decided to stay home. 
Bill went to the store; however Jane decided to stay home.
Directions: Select two conjunctive adverbs (words or phrases) from each of the four categories, and write an example that shows how each might be used to join main clauses.. Do not use "as a result" or "however." You may do it on this paper, or on a separate sheet. Start by indicating the category, and underline the conjunctive adverbs: 

Identity (Similarity): 

Example 1 
Example 2
Identity (Difference) 
Example 1 
Example 2
Extension in Time and Space 
Example 1 
Example 2
Cause/Effect 
Example 1 
Example 2